Dr. Shenoy's group (Neural Prosthetic Systems Laboratory, NPSL) conducts neuroscience, neuroengineering, and translational research to better understand how the brain controls movement, and to design medical systems to assist people with movement disabilities. Their neuroscience research investigates the neural basis of movement preparation and generation using a combination of electro-/opto-physiological, behavioral, computational and theoretical techniques. The lab's neuroengineering research investigates the design of high-performance and robust neural prostheses. Neural prostheses are also known as brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) and brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). These systems translate neural activity from the brain into control signals for prosthetic devices, which can assist people with paralysis by restoring lost motor functions. The lab's translational research, including an FDA pilot clinical trial termed BrainGate2, are conducted as part of the our Neural Prosthetic Translational Laboratory (NPTL; co-directed by Profs. Shenoy & Henderson).